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№1/2016

 

Magazine «Engineering Survey» , 1/2016

 

Industry news . . .4

 

EVENTS AND OPINIONS

Gamsakhurdiya G.R., Larina T.A.

Modern problems of technical standardization in engineering surveys . . .18

The article briefly describes the main problems of technical standardization in engineering surveys in the Russian Federation. For comparing some features of the systems of technical regulation and standardization of the European Union countries and United States are considered. It is concluded that the main problem of technical standardization and regulation in the Russian Federation is actual absence of normative documents for mandatory application. It is pointed out that introduction of corrections into the current normativelegal and normative-technical documents is necessary. The authors recommend to create a single independent coordinating body for development of the order of engineering survey execution and updating of this order in time, as well as for development and introduction of «Regulations on the state fund of materials and data of engineering surveys» into the practice.

Key words: engineering survey; technical standardization; technical regulation; normative documents; standards; mandatory application; voluntary application.

Vinogradov A.Yu.

About the problem of determination of normative operating periods of buildings and structures for prognosis of changes of natural-technical systems in desing documentation . . .20

The article analyzes the range of problems concerning uncertainty of operating periods of buildings and structures for prognosis of changes of natural-technical systems in design documentation. It is noted that in the current legal and standard technical documents such operating periods are not present. This circumstance does not ensure long-term operation of buildings and structures at an admissible level.

Key words: technical regulation; engineering survey; standard technical document; construction; safety; hydraulic structure; operating period.

Kosinova I.I., Budarina V.A.

The place of engineering-ecological surveys in the general structure of modern engineering surveys for construction . . .24

The article briefly analyzes the current normativemethodological base, implementation practice, professional support of engineering-ecological surveys and control of implementation of recommendations made on the basis of engineering-ecological surveys. The authors consider that the revealed shortcomings should become the basis for serious discussion of them and development of appropriate solutions in the legal field and in the sphere of practical organization of engineering-ecological surveys in Russia.

Key words: engineering surveys for construction; engineering-ecological surveys; normative-methodological base; professional support; practical organization; system of collection and systematization of results; control of implementation of recommendations.

Loktev A.S.

Engineering-geological surveys on the continental shelf. Problems of the normative-methodological basis . . .28

The paper discusses the history of development and modern problems of the Russian normative-methodological basis of engineering surveys on the continental shelf. The situation in this sphere is ambiguous and uncertain. Particular attention in this regard is paid to the SP 47.13330.2012 (updated version of the SNiP 11-02-96) “Engineering survey for construction. Basic principles”. Attention is drawn to the positive aspects of functioning of the systems of development, implementation and application of standards in the international practice in the past in the USSR. The author regrets that the regulatory basis and the system of creation and implementation of standards that were developed in our country in the past have not been managed to maintain. He considers that, when the number of contradictions in the regulatory basis of engineering surveys on the continental shelf reaches a critical value and stops development of great offshore projects, attempts of radical solution of this problem will be made. The author hopes that the normative-methodological basis will not be too hastily altered again with the same consequences.

Key words: engineering-geological surveys; continental shelf; offshore oil and gas facilities; normative-methodological basis.

ARCHEOLOGICAL STUDIES IN ENGINEERING SURVEYS

Chedakina I.G.

Archeological studies in engineering surveys . . .32

 

ENGINEERING AND HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL SURVEYS

Skutin A.A., Borodulin V.V., Gudoshnikov Yu.p., Sobotuk D.I.

Observation of morphometric features of hazardous ice bodies in Arctic sea areas using a digital aerial photography complex . . .34

One of approaches to obtaining information on morphometric features of big ice formations (hummocks, icebergs, grounded hummocks) which are hazardous for safe operation of offshore engineering structures is using aerial photography systems. This approach permits to increase the volume and quality of the obtained information, as well as to reduce the time of work in comparison with conventional geodetic measurements from the ice surface. The article considers application of a digital aerial photography complex for measurement of morphometric characteristics of big icebergs.

Key words: aerial photography; ice formations; iceberg; morphometric characteristics; sea shelf; Arctic seas.

Ermolov A.A.

On importance of sea shore monitoring dynamics at the stages of design. Construction and operation of engineering structures . . .38

The article considers methodical approaches to implementation of monitoring of dynamics of sea shores and bottom at the stages of design, construction and operation of engineering structures. Brief information on results of monitoring of the coasts of the Kara and Black seas is presented as an example. The author points out that organization of observations of sea shore dynamics often remains prerogative of large companies and is performed only during the design and construction stages. He lays stress on the need for creation of permanent monitoring systems on key coastal areas and for appropriate legal and financial support.

Key words: sea shores; sea bottom; monitoring; lithodynamic processes; coast-protecting structures.

GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY

Volynin A.F.

A case history of using electrical resistivity tomography for determination of the sewage sludge thickness in a sludge tank of the «Severnyy» disposal site  . . .46

The paper considers results of applying electrical resistivity tomography for determination of the sewage sludge thickness in a sludge tank of a disposal site. On the basis of them the sewage sludge volume for withdrawal from the sludge tank and utilization using modern technologies was deternined.

Key words: «Saint Petersburg Vodokanal» SUE; sludge tank; sewage sludge thickness; electrical resistivity tomography measurements; geoelectric sections.

SUPPLEMENTS

Minutes of the meeting at the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation D.N. Kozak of 23 November 2015 . . .50

 

A Letter from the Ministry of Construction of the RF and the draft Federal Law «On introduction of changes into the Federal Law “Technical regulation on safety of buildings and structures” and certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation» . . .52

 

List of conferences '2016–2107  . . .60

 

Abstracts in English . . .64

 

 

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